PAM2422 (Power Analog Micoelectronics)
PWM STEP-UP DC-DC CONVERTER

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A Product Line of
Diodes Incorporated
PAM2421/ PAM2422/ PAM2423
3A, 4.5A, 5.5A PWM STEP-UP DC-DC CONVERTER
Description
The PAM242x devices are high-performance, fixed frequency,
current-mode PWM step-up DC/DC converters that incorporate
internal power MOSFETs. The PAM242x includes an integrated
power MOSFET that supports peak currents of up to 3A/4.5A/5.5A.
The PAM242x utilizes simple external loop compensation allowing
optimization between component size, cost and AC performance
across a wide range of applications. Additional functions include an
externally programmable soft-start function for easy inrush current
control, internal over-voltage protection (OVP), cycle-by-cycle current
limit protection, under voltage lock-out and thermal shutdown.
The PAM242x is available in the small SOP-8(EP) package.
Pin Assignments
Features
Greater than 90% Efficiency
Adjustable Output Voltage Up to 24V
Internal 24V Power MOSFET
Peak Current 3A,4.5A,5.5A
520kHz Frequency
Built-in Over-Voltage Protection (OVP)
Open Protection
Programmable Soft-Start Function
Thermal Shutdowns
Under-Voltage-Lockout
Over-Current Protection
SOP-8(EP) Package
Applications
TFT LCD Monitors
Battery-Powered Equipment
Set-Top Boxes
DSL and Cable Modems and Routers
Typical Applications Circuit
PAM2421/PAM2422/PAM2423
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PAM2422 (Power Analog Micoelectronics)
PWM STEP-UP DC-DC CONVERTER

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A Product Line of
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PAM2421/ PAM2422/ PAM2423
Pin Descriptions
Pin
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
SOP-8(EP)
Pin Name
PGND
IN
EN
COMP
AGND
FB
SS
SW
Exposed PAD
Function
Power Ground
Supply Input
Enable Control. Connect to a logic high level to enable the IC. Connect to a logic low
level to disable the IC. When unused, connect EN pin to IN (do not leave pin floating).
Error Amplifier Compensation Node
Analog Ground
Feedback Input.Connect this pin a resistor divider from the output to set the output
voltage. FB is regulated to 1.262V.
Soft Start Control Input. Connect a capacitor from this pin to Ground to set soft-start
timing duration. SS is discharged to ground in shutdown. SS may be left unconnected if
soft start is not desired.
Switch Output. Connect this pin to the inductor and the schottky diode. To minimize
EMI, minimize the PCB trace path between this pin and the input bypass capacitor.
Connected to Ground
Functional Block Diagram
PAM2421/PAM2422/PAM2423
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PAM2422 (Power Analog Micoelectronics)
PWM STEP-UP DC-DC CONVERTER

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A Product Line of
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PAM2421/ PAM2422/ PAM2423
Absolute Maximum Ratings (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)
These are stress ratings only and functional operation is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum ratings for prolonged time periods may
affect device reliability. All voltages are with respect to ground.
Parameter
SW to Ground
VIN, EN, FB, SS, COMP to Ground
Continuous SW Current
Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec)
Rating
-0.3 to +28
-0.3 to +6.5
Internally Limited
-40 to +150
-55 to +150
300
Unit
V
V
V
°C
°C
°C
Recommended Operating Conditions (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)
Parameter
Junction Temperature Range
Ambient Temperature Range
Rating
-40 to +125
-40 to +85
Unit
°C
Thermal Information
Parameter
Thermal Resistance (Junction to Case)
Thermal Resistance (Junction to Ambient)
Symbol
θJC
θJA
Package
SOP-8(EP)
SOP-8(EP)
Max
75
180
Unit
°C/W
PAM2421/PAM2422/PAM2423
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PAM2422 (Power Analog Micoelectronics)
PWM STEP-UP DC-DC CONVERTER

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A Product Line of
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PAM2421/ PAM2422/ PAM2423
Electrical Characteristics (@TA = +25°C, VIN = VEN = 5V, unless otherwise specified.)
Parameter
Input Voltage
Under Voltage Lockout Threshold
Under Voltage Lockout Hysteresis
Quiscent Supply
Supply Current in Shutdown
Switching Frequency
Maximum Duty Cycle
FB Feedback Voltage
FB Input Current
FB Voltage Line Regulation
Switch Current Limit
Switching On Resisitance
Switch Leakage Current
Soft Start Pin Bias Current
Logic High Threshold
Logic Low Threshold
EN Pull Down Resistor
Thermal Shutdown Temperature
Thermal Shutdown Hystersis
Test Conditions
VIN Rising
VFB = 1.4V, Not Switching
VFB = 1.0V, Switching
EN = Ground
VFB from 2.7V to 5.5V
PAM2421
PAM2422
PAM2421
VIN = 3.2V
Duty Cycle = 70%
PAM2421
PAM2422
PAM2423
VSW = 10V, EN = Ground
VSS = 1.2V
EN Pin
EN Pin
Min
2.7
85
1.237
3
4.5
5.5
2.0
1.4
Typ
2.5
200
0.25
3
0.1
520
1.262
0
0.05
130
100
70
4.5
1
160
40
Max
5.5
0.35
5
1.0
1.287
80
0.15
15
7.0
0.4
Units
V
V
mV
mA
µA
kHz
%
V
nA
%/V
A
m
µA
µA
V
V
m
°C
°C
PAM2421/PAM2422/PAM2423
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PAM2422 (Power Analog Micoelectronics)
PWM STEP-UP DC-DC CONVERTER

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A Product Line of
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PAM2421/ PAM2422/ PAM2423
Typical Operating Characteristics (@TA = +25°C, VIN = VEN = 5V, VFREQ = 0V, unless otherwise specified.)
PAM2421/PAM2422/PAM2423
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PAM2422 (Power Analog Micoelectronics)
PWM STEP-UP DC-DC CONVERTER

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A Product Line of
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PAM2421/ PAM2422/ PAM2423
Typical Performance Characteristics (cont.) (@TA = +25°C, VIN = VEN = 5V, VFREQ = 0V, unless otherwise specified.)
PAM2421/PAM2422/PAM2423
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PAM2422 (Power Analog Micoelectronics)
PWM STEP-UP DC-DC CONVERTER

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A Product Line of
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PAM2421/ PAM2422/ PAM2423
Application Information
The PAM242x are highly efficient step-up DC/DC converters that employ a current mode, fixed frequency pulse-width modulation (PWM)
architecture with excellent line and load regulation.The PAM242x operate at constant switching frequency under medium to high load current
conditions. At light loads, these devices operate in a pulse-skipping mode in order to improve light-load efficiency.
Soft-Start
The PAM242x both offer a programmable soft-start function which minimizes inrush current during startup. The soft-start period is programmed
by connecting a 10nF capacitor between SS and Ground. Operation of the soft-start function is as follows: when the IC is disabled, SS is actively
discharged to Ground. Upon enabling the IC, CSS is charged with a 4.5µA current so that the voltage at SS increases in a controlled manner.
The peak inductor current is limited by the voltage at SS, so that the input current is limited until the soft-start period expires, and the regulator
can achieve its full output current rating.
Setting the Output Voltage
The both feature external adjustable output voltages of up to 24V. To program the output voltage, simply connect a resistive voltage divider
between the output, FB, and GND, with resistors set according to the following equation:
R1
R2x
VOUT
VFB

1

Where VFB is 1.262V.
Rectifier Selection
For optimal performance, the rectifier should be a Schottky rectifier that is rated to handle both the output voltage as well as the peak switch
current.
Open Voltage Protection
The features internal automatic over-voltage protection, when feedback voltage is higher than 115%.
Open Protection
Once the outputs achieve regulation, if the voltage at FB falls below 0.2V the controller will automatically disable, preventing the controller from
running open-loop and potentially damaging the IC and load.
Shutdown
Drive EN low to disable the IC and reduce the supply current to just 0.1µA. As with all nonsynchronous step-up DC/DC converters, the external
Schottky diode provides a DC path from the input to the output in shutdown. As a result, the output drops to one diode voltage drop below the
input in shutdown.
The PAM242x both feature integrated thermal overload protection. Both devices are automatically disabled when their junction temperatures
exceed +160°C, and automatically re-enable when the die temperature decreases by 40°C.
PAM2421/PAM2422/PAM2423
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PAM2422 (Power Analog Micoelectronics)
PWM STEP-UP DC-DC CONVERTER

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Ordering Information
A Product Line of
Diodes Incorporated
PAM2421/ PAM2422/ PAM2423
Part Number
PAM2421AECADJR
PAM2422AECADJR
PAM2423AECADJR
Marking Information
Peak Current
3A
4.5A
5.5A
Package Type
SOP-8(EP)
SOP-8(EP)
SOP-8(EP)
Standard Package
2500 Units/Tape & Reel
2500 Units/Tape & Reel
2500 Units/Tape & Reel
PAM2421/PAM2422/PAM2423
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PAM2422 (Power Analog Micoelectronics)
PWM STEP-UP DC-DC CONVERTER

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Package Outline Dimensions (cont.) (All dimensions in mm.)
SOP-8(EP)
A Product Line of
Diodes Incorporated
PAM2421/ PAM2422/ PAM2423
PAM2421/PAM2422/PAM2423
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PAM2422 (Power Analog Micoelectronics)
PWM STEP-UP DC-DC CONVERTER

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A Product Line of
Diodes Incorporated
PAM2421/ PAM2422/ PAM2423
IMPORTANT NOTICE
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INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
(AND THEIR EQUIVALENTS UNDER THE LAWS OF ANY JURISDICTION).
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without further notice to this document and any product described herein. Diodes Incorporated does not assume any liability arising out of the
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indirectly, any claim of personal injury or death associated with such unintended or unauthorized application.
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Diodes Incorporated products are specifically not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems without the express
written approval of the Chief Executive Officer of Diodes Incorporated. As used herein:
A. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which:
1. are intended to implant into the body, or
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labeling can be reasonably expected to result in significant injury to the user.
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failure of the life support device or to affect its safety or effectiveness.
Customers represent that they have all necessary expertise in the safety and regulatory ramifications of their life support devices or systems, and
acknowledge and agree that they are solely responsible for all legal, regulatory and safety-related requirements concerning their products and any
use of Diodes Incorporated products in such safety-critical, life support devices or systems, notwithstanding any devices- or systems-related
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representatives against any damages arising out of the use of Diodes Incorporated products in such safety-critical, life support devices or systems.
Copyright © 2012, Diodes Incorporated
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