HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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HCPL-2300, HCPL-0300
8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler
Data Sheet
Lead (Pb) Free
RoHS 6 fully
compliant
RoHS 6 fully compliant options available;
-xxxE denotes a lead-free product
Description
The HCPL-2300/HCPL-0300 optocoupler combines
an 820 nm AlGaAs photon emitting diode with an
integrated high gain photon detector. This combina-tion
of Avago designed and manufactured semiconductor
devices brings new high performance capabilities to
designers of isolated logic and data communication cir-
cuits.
The new low current, high speed AlGaAs emitter manu-
factured with a unique diffused junction, has the virtue
of fast rise and fall times at low drive currents. Figure 6 il-
lustrates the propaga­tion delay vs. input current charac-
teristic. These unique characteristics enable this device
to be used in an RS-232-C inter­face with ground loop iso-
lation and improved common mode rejection. As a line
receiver, the HCPL-2300/HCPL-0300 will operate over
longer line lengths for a given data rate because of lower
IF and VF specifications.
Functional Diagram
NC 1
8 VCC
ANODE 2
7 RL
CATHODE 3
6 VOUT
Features
Guaranteed low thresholds: IF = 0.5 mA, VF ≤ 1.5 V
High speed: guaranteed 5 MBd over temperature
Versatile: compatible with TTL, LSTTL and CMOS
Efficient 820 nm AlGaAs LED
Internal shield for guaranteed common mode
rejection
Schottky clamped, open collector output with
optional integrated pull-up resistor
Static and dynamic performance guaranteed from
-40°C to 85°C
Safety approval
– UL recognized -3750 V rms for 1 minute
– CSA approved
– IEC/EN/DIN EN 60747-5-2 approved with
VIORM = 630 V peak (Option 060)
Applications
Ground loop elimination
Computer-peripheral interfaces
Level shifting
Microprocessor system interfaces
Digital isolation for A/D, D/A conversion
RS-232-C interface
High speed, long distance isolated line receiver
NC 4
5 GND
A 0.1 pF bypass capacitor must be connected between pins 5 and 8.
www.DataSheet4U.net
CAUTION: It is advised that normal static precautions be taken in handling and assembly
of this component to prevent damage and/or degradation which may be induced by ESD.


HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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Schematic
The output of the shielded inte­grated detector circuit is
an open collector Schottky clamped tran­sistor.The shield,
which shunts capacitively coupled common mode noise
to ground, provides a guaranteed transient immunity
specification of 100 V/µs. The output circuit includes an
optional integrated 1000 Ω pull-up resistor for the open
collector. This gives designers the flexibility to use the
internal resistor for pull-up to five volt logic or to use an
external resistor for connec­tion to supply voltages up to
18 V (CMOS logic voltage).
The Electrical and Switching Characteristics of the
HCPL-2300/HCPL-0300 are guaranteed over a tempera­
ture range of -40°C to 85°C. This enables the user to con-
fidently design a circuit which will operate under a broad
range of operating conditions.
Ordering Information
HCPL-xxxx is UL Recognized with 3750 Vrms for 1 minute per UL1577 and are approved under CSA Component Ac-
ceptance Notice #5, File CA 88324.
   Option
Part
Number
RoHS non RoHS
Compliant Compliant
Package
Surface Gull Tape & UL 5000 Vrms/ IEC/EN/DIN
Mount Wing Reel 1 Minute rating EN 60747-5-2 Quantity
-000E
no option 300 mil DIP-8
50 per tube
-300E
#300
XX
50 per tube
HCPL-2300
-500E
-060E
#500
#060
X XX
1000 per reel
X 50 per tube
-360E
#360
XX
X 50 per tube
-560E
#560
X XX
X 1000 per reel
HCPL-0300
-000E
-500E
no option SO-8
#500
X
X
100 per tube
1500 per reel
To order, choose a part number from the part number column and combine with the desired option from the option
column to form an order entry. Combination of Option 020 and Option 060 is not available.
Example 1:
HCPL-2300-560E to order product of 300 mil DIP Gull Wing Surface Mount package in Tape and Reel packaging with
IEC/EN/DIN EN 60747-5-2 Safety Approval and RoHS compliant.
Option datasheets are available. Contact your Avago sales representative or authorized distributor for information.
Remarks: The notation ‘#XXX’ is used for existing products, while (new) products launched since July 15, 2001 and
RoHS compliant will use ‘–XXXE.’



HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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Package Outline Drawings
Small Outline SO-8 Package HCPL-0300



HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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8-Pin DIP Package (HCPL-2300)
8-Pin DIP Package with Gull Wing Surface Mount Option 300 (HCPL-2300)



HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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Solder Reflow Temperature Profile
Note: Non-halide flux should be used.
Recommended Pb-Free IR Profile
Note: Non-halide flux should be used.
Regulatory Information
The HCPL-2300 has been approved by the following or-
ganizations:
UL
Recognized under UL 1577, Component Recognition
Program, File E55361.
CSA
Approved under CSA Component Acceptance Notice #5,
File CA 88324.
IEC/EN/DIN EN 60747-5-2
Approved under:
IEC 60747-5-2:1997 + A1:2002
EN 60747-5-2:2001 + A1:2002
DIN EN 60747-5-2 (VDE 0884
Teil 2):2003-01
(Option 060 only)
Insulation and Safety Related Specifications
Parameter
Symbol Value Units Conditions
Min. External Air Gap
(External Clearance)
L(IO1) 7.1
mm Measured from input terminals to output
terminals, shortest distance through air
Min. External Tracking Path
(External Creepage)
L(IO2) 7.4
mm Measured from input terminals to output
terminals, shortest distance path along body
Min. Internal Plastic Gap
(Internal Clearance)
0.08 mm Through insulation distance, conductor to
conductor, usually the direct distance
between the photoemitter and photodetector
inside the optocoupler cavity
Tracking Resistance
CTI
200
Volts
DIN IEC 112/VDE 0303 PART 1
(Comparative Tracking Index)
Isolation Group
IIIa Material Group (DIN VDE 0110, 1/89, Table 1)
Option 300 – surface mount classification is Class A in accordance with CECC 00802.



HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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IEC/EN/DIN EN 60747-5-2 Insulation Related Characteristics (HCPL-2300 Option 060 only)
Description
Installation classification per DIN VDE 0110/1.89, Table 1
for rated mains voltage ≤300 V rms
for rated mains voltage ≤450 V rms
Climatic Classification
Pollution Degree (DIN VDE 0110/1.89)
Maximum Working Insulation Voltage
Input to Output Test Voltage, Method b*
VPaIOrRtMiaxl 1D.8is7c5ha=rgVePR,<1500p%C Production Test with tm = 1 sec,
Input to Output Test Voltage, Method a*
VPaIOrRtMiaxl
1D.5isc=hVaPrRg, eTy<p5e
and
pC
sample
test,
tm
=
60
sec,
Highest Allowable Overvoltage*
(Transient Overvoltage, tini = 10 sec)
Safety Limiting Values
(Maximum values allowed in the event of a failure,
also see Figure 11, Thermal Derating curve.)
Case Temperature
Input Current
Output Power
Insulation Resistance at TS, VIO = 500 V
Symbol
VIORM
VPR
VPR
VIOTM
TS
IS,INPUT
PS,OUTPUT
RS
Characteristic
I-IV
I-III
55/85/21
2
630
1181t
945
6000
175
230
600
≥109
Units
V peak
V peak
V peak
V peak
°C
mA
mW
*Refer to the front of the optocoupler section of the current catalog, under Product Safety Regulations section, IEC/EN/DIN EN 60747-5-2, for a
detailed description.
Note:
Isolation characteristics are guaranteed only within the safety maximum ratings which must be ensured by protective circuits in application.
Absolute Maximum Ratings
(No Derating Required up to 55°C)
Description
Storage Temperature
Operating Temperature
Lead Solder Temperature
(1.6 mm below seating plane)
Average Forward Input Current
Reverse Input Voltage
Supply Voltage
Pull-Up Resistor Voltage
Output Collector Current
Input Power Dissipation
Output Collector Power Dissipation
Output Collector Voltage
Min.
-55°C
-40°C
0V
-0.5 V
-25 mA
-0.5 V
Typ.
260°C for 10 s
5 mA[2]
10 mW
40 mW
Max.
+125°C
+85°C
3.0 V
7.0 V
VCC
25 mA
18 V
Units
TS
TA
max
- IF
VR
VCC
VRL
IO
PI
PO
VO
Infrared and Vapor Phase Reflow Temperature (Option #300) see Fig. 1, Thermal Profile



HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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Recommended Operating Conditions
Parameter
Symbol
Min.
Input Voltage, Low Level
Input Current High Level
0°C to 85°C
-40°C to 85°C
VFL
IFH
-2.5
0.5
0.5
Supply Voltage, Output
Fan Out (TTL Load)
VCC 4.75
N
Operating Temperature
TA -40
DC Electrical Specifications
For -40°C ≤ TA ≤ 85°C, 4.75 V ≤ VCC ≤ 5.25 V, VFL ≤ 0.8 V, unless otherwise specified.
All typicals at TA = 25°C and VCC = 5 V , unless otherwise specified. See note 1.
Max.
0.8
1.0
0.75
5.25
5
85
Units
V
mA
V
°C
Parameter
High Level Output
Current
Low Level Output
Voltage
High Level Supply
Current
Low Level Supply Current
Input Forward Voltage
Input Diode Temperature
Coefficient
Input Reverse
Breakdown Voltage
Input Capacitance
Internal Pull-up Resistor
Symbol Min.
IOH
VOL
ICCH
ICCL
VF 1.0
∆∆VTAF
BVR 3.0
CIN
RL 680
Typ.
0.05
0.4
4.0
6.2
1.3
0.85
-1.6
18
1000
Max.
250
0.5
6.3
10.0
1.5
1.65
1700
Units
µA
V
mA
mA
V
Test Conditions
VF = 0.8 V, VO = 18 V
Fig.
4
IIFOL=(S0i.n5kminAg) = 8 mA
IF = 0 mA, VCC = 5.25 V
IF = 1.0 mA, VCC = 5.25 V
TA = 25°C
IF = 1.0 mA 2
mV/°C IF = 1.0 mA
V IR = 10 µA
pF VF = 0 V, f = 1 MHz
Ω TA = 25°C
Note
3
Switching Specifications
≤Fo0r.8-4V0,°Cun≤leTsAs≤o8th5e°Crw, 0is.5e mspAec≤ifiIeFHd≤. 0.75 mA; For 0°C ≤ TA ≤ 85°C, 0.5 mA ≤ IFH ≤ 1.0 mA; With 4.75 V ≤ VCC ≤ 5.25 V, VFL
All typicals at TA = 25°C and VCC = 5 V, IFH = 0.625 mA, unless otherwise specified. See note 1.
Parameter
Propagation Delay Time
Propagation Delay Time
Output Rise Time (10-90%)
Output Fall Time (90-10%)
Common Mode Transient
Immunity at High
Output Level
Common Mode Transient
Immunity at Low
Output Level
Symbol Min. Typ. Max. Units   Test Conditions
tPLH 95
ns CP = 0 pF
85 160
CP = 20 pF
tPHL 110 ns CP = 0 pF
35 200
CP = 20 pF
tr 40 ns CP = 20 pF
tf 20 ns
|CMH| 100
400
V/µs VVRIFLCO=M=(m0=5mi65n00.A)ΩV=,(2peVa, k),
|CML| 100
400
V/µs VVRIFLCO=M=(m0=5.5a65x00m.)ΩVA=,(p0e.8aVk,),
Fig.
5, 6, 8
5, 8
5, 6, 8
5, 8
7, 8
Note
4, 8
5, 8
8
9, 10 6
9, 10 7



HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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Package Characteristics
For -40°C ≤TA ≤85°C, unless otherwise specified. All typicals at TA = 25°C.
Parameter
Symbol Min. Typ. Max. Units Test Conditions
Fig. Notes
Input-Output Momentary
VISO 3750
V rms RH ≤ 50%, t = 1 min,
3, 9
Withstand Voltage*
TA = 25°C
Resistance, Input-Output
RI-O
1012
Ω VI-O = 500 V
3
Capacitance, Input-Output
CI-O
0.6
pF f = 1 MHz
3
*The Input-Output Momentary Withstand Voltage is a dielectric voltage rating that should not be interpreted as an input-output continuous voltage
rating. For the continuous voltage rating refer to the IEC/EN/DIN EN 60747-5-2 Insulation Characteristics Table (if applicable), your equipment level
safety specification, or Avago Application Note 1074, “Optocoupler Input-Output Endurance Voltage.”
Notes:
1. Bypassing the power supply line is required with a 0.1 µF ceramic
disc capacitor adjacent to each optocoupler as illustrated in Figure
19. The power supply bus for the optocoupler(s) should be separate
from the bus for any active loads, otherwise a larger value of bypass
capacitor (up to 0.5 µF) may be needed to suppress regenerative
feedback via the power supply.
2. Peaking circuits may produce transient input currents up to 100
mA, 500 ns maximum pulse width, provided average current does
not exceed 5 mA.
3. Device considered a two terminal device: pins 1, 2, 3, and 4 shorted
together, and pins 5, 6, 7, and 8 shorted together.
4. The tPLH propagation delay is measured from the 50% point on the
trailing edge of the input pulse to the 1.5 V point on the trailing
edge of the output pulse.
5. The tPHL propagation delay is measured from the 50% point on the
leading edge of the input pulse to the 1.5 V point on the leading
edge of the output pulse.
6. CMH is the maximum tolerable rate of rise of the common mode
voltage to assure that the output will remain in a high logic state
(i.e., VOUT > 2.0 V).
7. CML is the maximum tolerable rate of fall of the common mode
voltage to assure that the output will remain in a low logic state
(i.e., VOUT < 0.8 V).
8. CP is the peaking capacitance. Refer to test circuit in Figure 8.
9. In accordance with UL 1577, each optocoupler is momentary with-
stand proof tested by applying an insulation test voltage ≥4500
Vrms for 1 second (leakage detection current limit, II‑O ≤ 5 µA). This
test is performed before the 100% production test for partial dis-
charge (Method b) shown in the IEC/EN/DIN EN 60747-5-2 Insula-
tion Character­istics Table, if applicable.
Figure 2. Typical input diode forward charac-
teristics.
Figure 3. Typical output voltage vs. forward
input current vs. temperature.
Figure 4. Typical logic high output current vs.
temperature.



HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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Figure 6. Typical propagation delay vs. forward
current.
Figure 7. Typical rise, fall time vs. temperature.
Figure 5. Typical propagation delay vs. tem-
perature and forward current with and without
application of a peaking capacitor.
HCPL-2300
HCPL-0300
Figure 8. Test Circuit for tPHL, tPLH, tr, and tf.

Figure 9. Typical common mode transient immunity vs.
common mode transient amplitude.


HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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Applications
The HCPL-2300/HCPL-0300 optocoupler has the unique
combination of low 0.5 mA LED operating drive current at a
5 MBd speed performance. Low power supply current
requirement of 10 mA maximum at 5.25 V and the abil-
ity to provide isolation between logic systems fulfills
numerous applications ranging from logic level transla-
tions, line receiver and party line receiver applications,
microprocessor I/O port isolation, etc. The open col­lector
output allows for wired-OR arrangement. Specific inter­
face circuits are illustrated in Figures 12-16, and 18 with
correspond­ing component values, perform­ance data
and recom­mended layout in Figures 17 and 19.
For -40°C to 85°C operating temperature range, a mid-
readnigneoLrEdDerfotrowparredvceunrtreonvte(rIdF)roivfi0n.g62th5emiAntiesgreractoemdmciercnudit-
detector due to increased LED efficiency at temperatures
between 0°C and ‑40°C. For narrower temperature range
of 0°C to 85°C, a suggested operating LED current of
0.75 mA is recommended for the mid-range operating
point and for minimal propagation delay skew.
A peaking capacitance of 20 pF in parallel with the cur-
rmv2eo3nal0ttt0ael/gilmyHeC3it(P3iVnL%Fg)-0bra3een0sld0oiswtotoPuLr0Htfp.o8burytVthi1swe3oi%LlflfE..gDMusaahirnoatnratteienn­eisnttghPHaLLtEbDtyhaefopHrpwrCoaPxrLdi--
HCPL-0300/
HCPL-2300
The recommended shunt drive technique for TTL/LSTTL/
CMOS of Figure 12 provides for optimal speed perfor-
mance, no leakage current path through the LED, and re-
duced common mode influences associated with series
switching of a “floating” LED. Alternate series drive tech-
niques with either an active CMOS inverter or an open
collector TTL/LSTTL inverter are illustrated in Figures 13
and 14 respectively. Open collector leakage current of
250 µA has been compensated by the 3.16 KΩ resistor
(Figure 14) at the expense of twice the operating forward
current.
An application of the HCPL-2300/HCPL-0300 as an un-
balanced line receiver for use in long line twisted wire
pair communication links is shown in Figure 15. Low
LED
and
ImF ualntidplVeF
allow longer line length, higher speed
stations on the line in comparison to
higher
along
IwF, itVhF
optocouplers. Greater speed performance
nearly infinite common mode immu-
nity are achieved via the balanced split phase circuit
of Figure 16. Basic balanced differential line re-
ceiver can be accomplished with one HCPL-
2300/HCPL-0300 in Figure 16, but with a typical
400 V/µs common mode immunity. Data rate versus dis-
tance for both the above unbalanced and balanced line
receiver applications are com­pared in Figure 17. The RS-
232-C interface circuit of Figure 18 provides guaranteed
minimum common mode immunity of 100 V/µs while
maintaining the 2:1 dynamic range of IF.
Figure 10. Test circuit for common mode transient immunity and typical waveforms.
10


HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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A recommended layout for use with an internal 1000 Ω
rbagenrysepieasaxttsoetserrrctonharaaplnaapncoui­trelolex-ruqtepiusranrgelaitsvloiespt5nuoVlril.n-fAuoFsprigiolrluueurtssepitsrut1aot9trev. doValnCitCnad1gFirseiegulquesurveeierd1elsd9w(,ViVatOCnhC)
oinpptuiotnaanldVCtChaenodutGpNuDt letraadcseocfatnhebeHCloPcLa-t2e3d00b/eHtwCPeLe-n03th00e
to provide additional noise immunity at the compromise
of insulation capability (VI-O).
Figure 11. Thermal derating curve, dependence
of safety limiting value with case temperature
per IEC/EN/DIN EN 60747-5-2.
HCPL-2300/
HCPL-0300
Figure 12. Recommended shunt drive circuit for interfacing between TTL/LSTTL/CMOS logic systems.
11


HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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HCPL-2300/
HCPL-0300
HCPL-2300/
HCPL-0300
Figure 13. Active CMOS series drive circuit.
Figure 14. Series drive from open collector TTL/LSTTL units.
HCPL-2300/
HCPL-0300
REFERENCE FIGURE 17 FOR DATA RATE vs. LINE DISTANCE L.
Figure 15. Application of HCPL-2300/HCPL-0300 as isolated, unbalanced line receiver(s).
11


HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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HCPL-2300/
HCPL-0300
REFERENCE FIGURE 17 FOR DATA RATE vs. LINE DISTANCE L.
HCPL-2300/
HCPL-0300
Figure 16. Application of two HCPL-2300/HCPL-0300 units operating as an isolated, high speed, balanced, split phase line receiver with significantly
enhanced common mode immunity.
(FIGURE 16)
(FIGURE 15)
RS-232-C
SIGNAL
3 V – 25 V
-3 V – -25 V
HCPL-2300/
HCPL-0300
Figure 17. Typical point to point data rate vs. length of line for
unbalanced (Figure 15) and balanced (Figure 16) line receivers
using HCPL-2300/HCPL-0300 optocouplers.
Figure 18. RS-232-C Interface circuit with HCPL-2300/HCPL-0300. 0°C
< TA < 85°C.
13


HCPL-2300 (AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES)
(HCPL-0300 / HCPL-2300) 8 MBd Low Input Current Optocoupler

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Figure 19. Recommended printed circuit board layout.
For product information and a complete list of distributors, please go to our web site: www.avagotech.com
Avago, Avago Technologies, and the A logo are trademarks of Avago Technologies, Limited in the United States and other countries.
Data subject to change. Copyright © 2007 Avago Technologies Limited. All rights reserved. Obsoletes AV01-0558EN
AV02-0919EN December 21, 2007
14




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