2SK4014 (Toshiba Semiconductor)
Relay Drive and Motor Drive Applications

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2SK4014
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TOSHIBA Field Effect Transistor Silicon N-Channel MOS Type (π-MOSIV)
2SK4014
DC/DC Converter, Relay Drive and Motor Drive
Applications
z Low drain-source ON-resistance
: RDS (ON) = 1.6 (typ.)
z High forward transfer admittance
: |Yfs| = 5.0 S (typ.)
z Low leakage current
: IDSS = 100 µA (max) (VDS = 720 V)
z Enhancement mode
: Vth = 2.0~4.0 V (VDS = 10 V, ID = 1 mA)
Unit: mm
Absolute Maximum Ratings (Ta = 25°C)
Characteristic
Symbol
Rating
Unit
Drain-source voltage
Drain-gate voltage (RGS = 20 k)
Gate-source voltage
Drain current
DC (Note 1)
Pulse (Note 1)
Drain power dissipation (Tc = 25°C)
Single-pulse avalanche energy
(Note 2)
Avalanche current
Repetitive avalanche energy (Note 3)
Channel temperature
Storage temperature range
VDSS
VDGR
VGSS
ID
IDP
PD
EAS
IAR
EAR
Tch
Tstg
900
900
±30
6
18
45
972
6
15
150
55~150
V
V
V
A
A
W
mJ
A
mJ
°C
°C
1: Gate
2: Drain
3: Source
JEDEC
JEITA
SC-67
TOSHIBA
2-10U1B
Weight: 1.7 g (typ.)
Note: Using continuously under heavy loads (e.g. the application of high temperature/current/voltage and the significant change in
temperature, etc.) may cause this product to decrease in the reliability significantly even if the operating conditions (i.e.
operating temperature/current/voltage, etc.) are within the absolute maximum ratings. Please design the appropriate
reliability upon reviewing the Toshiba Semiconductor Reliability Handbook (“Handling Precautions”/Derating Concept and
Methods) and individual reliability data (i.e. reliability test report and estimated failure rate, etc).
Thermal Characteristics
Characteristic
Symbol
Max Unit
Thermal resistance, channel to case
Thermal resistance, channel to ambient
Rth (chc)
Rth (cha)
2.78 °C / W
62.5 °C / W
Note 1: Ensure that the channel temperature does not exceed 150°C.
Note 2: VDD = 90 V, Tch = 25°C (initial), L = 49.5 mH, RG = 25 , IAR = 6 A
Note 3: Repetitive rating: pulse width limited by maximum channel temperature
This transistor is an electrostatic-sensitive device. Handle with care.
1
2
3
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2SK4014 (Toshiba Semiconductor)
Relay Drive and Motor Drive Applications

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Electrical Characteristics (Ta = 25°C)
2SK4014
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Characteristic
Gate leakage current
Gate-source breakdown voltage
Drain cutoff current
Drain-source breakdown voltage
Gate threshold voltage
Drain-source ON-resistance
Forward transfer admittance
Input capacitance
Reverse transfer capacitance
Output capacitance
Rise time
Symbol
Test Condition
IGSS
V (BR) GSS
IDSS
V (BR) DSS
Vth
RDS (ON)
|Yfs|
Ciss
Crss
Coss
tr
VGS = ±30 V, VDS = 0 V
IG = ±10 μA, VDS = 0 V
VDS = 720 V, VGS = 0 V
ID = 10 mA, VGS = 0 V
VDS = 10 V, ID = 1 mA
VGS = 10 V, ID = 3 A
VDS = 10 V, ID = 3 A
VDS = 25 V, VGS = 0 V, f = 1 MHz
ID = 3 A
Min Typ. Max Unit
— — ±10
±30 —
— — 100
900 —
2.0 — 4.0
— 1.6 2.0
— 5.0 —
— 1400 —
— 30 —
— 130 —
μA
V
μA
V
V
Ω
S
pF
— 25 —
Switching time
Turnon time
Fall time
Turnoff time
Total gate charge (gatesource
plus gatedrain)
Gatesource charge
Gatedrain (“Miller”) charge
ton
50 Ω
RL = 133
75
ns
tf — 60 —
VDD = 400 V
toff — 220 —
Qg
Qgs VDD 400 V, VGS = 10 V, ID = 6 A
Qgd
— 45 —
— 25 — nC
— 20 —
SourceDrain Ratings and Characteristics (Ta = 25°C)
Characteristic
Continuous drain reverse current
(Note 1)
Pulse drain reverse current
(Note 1)
Forward voltage (diode)
Reverse recovery time
Reverse recovery charge
Symbol
IDR
IDRP
VDSF
trr
Qrr
Test Condition
IDR = 6 A, VGS = 0 V
IDR = 6 A, VGS = 0 V
dIDR / dt = 100 A / μs
Min Typ. Max Unit
—— 6 A
— — 18 A
— — 1.7 V
— 1100 —
ns
— 10 — μC
Marking
K4014
Part No. (or abbreviation code)
Lot No.
Note 4
Note 4: A line under a Lot No. identifies the indication of product
Labels.
Not underlined: [[Pb]]/INCLUDES > MCV
Underlined: [[G]]/RoHS COMPATIBLE or [[G]]/RoHS [[Pb]]
Please contact your TOSHIBA sales representative for details as to
environmental matters such as the RoHS compatibility of Product.
The RoHS is the Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament
and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on the restriction of the use of
certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment.
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2SK4014 (Toshiba Semiconductor)
Relay Drive and Motor Drive Applications

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5
Common source
Tc = 25°C
Pulse test
4
ID – VDS
10
8
3
6
5.25
5
2 4.75
4.5
1
VGS = 4 V
0
0 2 4 6 8 10
DRAINSOURCE VOLTAGE VDS (V)
2SK4014
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ID – VDS
10
10 Common source
8 6 Tc = 25°C
Pulse test
8 5.75
6 5.5
4 5.25
5
2
4.5
0 VGS = 4 V
0 10 20 30 40 50
DRAINSOURCE VOLTAGE VDS (V)
16
Common source
VDS = 10 V
Pulse test
12
ID – VGS
8
25
4 100 Tc = −55°C
0
0 2 4 6 8 10
GATESOURCE VOLTAGE VGS (V)
VDS – VGS
20
Common source
Tc = 25°C
Pulse test
16
12
ID = 6 A
8
3
4
1.5
0
0 4 8 12 16 20
GATESOURCE VOLTAGE VGS (V)
100
Common source
VDS = 10 V
Pulse test
Yfs⎪ − ID
10
Tc = −55°C
25
1
100
RDS (ON) ID
10
Common source
Tc = 25°C
Pulse test
VGS = 10 V
1
0.1
0.1
1
DRAIN CURRENT ID (A)
10
0.1
0.1
1
DRAIN CURRENT ID (A)
10
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Relay Drive and Motor Drive Applications

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RDS (ON) Tc
5
Common source
VGS = 10 V
Pulse test
4
ID = 6 A
33
2 1.5
1
0
80 40 0 40 80 120 160
CASE TEMPERATURE Tc (°C)
2SK4014
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IDR VDS
100
Common source
Tc = 25°C
Pulse test
10
1
10
0.1
0
5 31
0.4
VGS = 0 V
0.8
1.2
1.6
DRAINSOURCE VOLTAGE VDS (V)
10000
1000
C VDS
Ciss
Coss
100
Crss
10 Common source
VGS = 0 V
f = 1 MHz
Tc = 25°C
1
0.1 1
10
DRAINSOURCE VOLTAGE VDS (V)
100
Vth Tc
5 Common source
VDS = 10 V
ID = 1 mA
4 Pulse test
3
2
1
0
80 40 0 40 80 120 160
CASE TEMPERATURE Tc (°C)
PD Tc
50
40
30
20
10
0
0 40 80 120 160 200
CASE TEMPERATURE Tc (°C)
450
VDS
300
DYNAMIC INPUT/OUTPUT
CHARACTERISTICS
Common source
ID = 6 A
Tc = 25°C
Pulse test
15
200
100 VDS = 400 V
10
150 VGS
5
00
0 20 40 60 80 100
TOTAL GATE CHARGE Qg (nC)
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2SK4014 (Toshiba Semiconductor)
Relay Drive and Motor Drive Applications

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10
1 Duty = 0.5
0.2
0.1 0.1
0.05
0.02
0.01 0.01
0.001
10μ
100μ
rth – tw
SINGLE PULSE
PDM
t
T
Duty = t/T
Rth (ch-c) = 2.78°C/W
1
10
100
1
10
PULSE WIDTH tw (s)
SAFE OPERATING AREA
100
ID max (PULSE) *
10 ID max (CONTINUOUS) *
1 DC OPERATION
Tc = 25°C
1 ms *
100 μs *
0.1
0.01
1
VDSS max
10
100
1000
10000
DRAINSOURCE VOLTAGE VDS (V)
1000
800
EAS – Tch
600
400
200
0
25 50
75 100 125 150
CHANNEL TEMPERATURE (INITIAL) Tch (°C)
15 V
15 V
BVDSS
IAR
VDD
VDS
TEST CIRCUIT
WAVEFORM
RG = 25 Ω
VDD = 90 V, L = 49.5 mH
ΕAS
=
1
2
L
I2
⎜⎜⎝⎛
BVDSS
BVDSS VDD
⎟⎟⎠⎞
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2SK4014 (Toshiba Semiconductor)
Relay Drive and Motor Drive Applications

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RESTRICTIONS ON PRODUCT USE
2SK4014
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Toshiba Corporation, and its subsidiaries and affiliates (collectively “TOSHIBA”), reserve the right to make changes to the information
in this document, and related hardware, software and systems (collectively “Product”) without notice.
This document and any information herein may not be reproduced without prior written permission from TOSHIBA. Even with
TOSHIBA’s written permission, reproduction is permissible only if reproduction is without alteration/omission.
Though TOSHIBA works continually to improve Product’s quality and reliability, Product can malfunction or fail. Customers are
responsible for complying with safety standards and for providing adequate designs and safeguards for their hardware, software and
systems which minimize risk and avoid situations in which a malfunction or failure of Product could cause loss of human life, bodily
injury or damage to property, including data loss or corruption. Before creating and producing designs and using, customers must
also refer to and comply with (a) the latest versions of all relevant TOSHIBA information, including without limitation, this document,
the specifications, the data sheets and application notes for Product and the precautions and conditions set forth in the “TOSHIBA
Semiconductor Reliability Handbook” and (b) the instructions for the application that Product will be used with or for. Customers are
solely responsible for all aspects of their own product design or applications, including but not limited to (a) determining the
appropriateness of the use of this Product in such design or applications; (b) evaluating and determining the applicability of any
information contained in this document, or in charts, diagrams, programs, algorithms, sample application circuits, or any other
referenced documents; and (c) validating all operating parameters for such designs and applications. TOSHIBA ASSUMES NO
LIABILITY FOR CUSTOMERS’ PRODUCT DESIGN OR APPLICATIONS.
Product is intended for use in general electronics applications (e.g., computers, personal equipment, office equipment, measuring
equipment, industrial robots and home electronics appliances) or for specific applications as expressly stated in this document.
Product is neither intended nor warranted for use in equipment or systems that require extraordinarily high levels of quality and/or
reliability and/or a malfunction or failure of which may cause loss of human life, bodily injury, serious property damage or serious
public impact (“Unintended Use”). Unintended Use includes, without limitation, equipment used in nuclear facilities, equipment used
in the aerospace industry, medical equipment, equipment used for automobiles, trains, ships and other transportation, traffic signaling
equipment, equipment used to control combustions or explosions, safety devices, elevators and escalators, devices related to electric
power, and equipment used in finance-related fields. Do not use Product for Unintended Use unless specifically permitted in this
document.
Do not disassemble, analyze, reverse-engineer, alter, modify, translate or copy Product, whether in whole or in part.
Product shall not be used for or incorporated into any products or systems whose manufacture, use, or sale is prohibited under any
applicable laws or regulations.
The information contained herein is presented only as guidance for Product use. No responsibility is assumed by TOSHIBA for any
infringement of patents or any other intellectual property rights of third parties that may result from the use of Product. No license to
any intellectual property right is granted by this document, whether express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise.
ABSENT A WRITTEN SIGNED AGREEMENT, EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN THE RELEVANT TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE
FOR PRODUCT, AND TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT ALLOWABLE BY LAW, TOSHIBA (1) ASSUMES NO LIABILITY
WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL, SPECIAL, OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES OR
LOSS, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOSS OF PROFITS, LOSS OF OPPORTUNITIES, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION AND
LOSS OF DATA, AND (2) DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONS RELATED TO
SALE, USE OF PRODUCT, OR INFORMATION, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ACCURACY OF INFORMATION, OR NONINFRINGEMENT.
Do not use or otherwise make available Product or related software or technology for any military purposes, including without
limitation, for the design, development, use, stockpiling or manufacturing of nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons or missile
technology products (mass destruction weapons). Product and related software and technology may be controlled under the
Japanese Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law and the U.S. Export Administration Regulations. Export and re-export of Product
or related software or technology are strictly prohibited except in compliance with all applicable export laws and regulations.
Please contact your TOSHIBA sales representative for details as to environmental matters such as the RoHS compatibility of Product.
Please use Product in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations that regulate the inclusion or use of controlled substances,
including without limitation, the EU RoHS Directive. TOSHIBA assumes no liability for damages or losses occurring as a result of
noncompliance with applicable laws and regulations.
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