VNH5050A-E Datasheet PDF - STMicroelectronics

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VNH5050A-E
STMicroelectronics

Part Number VNH5050A-E
Description Automotive fully integrated H-bridge motor driver
Page 30 Pages


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VNH5050A-E
Automotive fully integrated H-bridge motor driver
Features
Type
RDS(on)
Iout Vccmax
VNH5050A-E
50 mΩ max
(per leg)
30 A 41 V
Output current: 30 A
3 V CMOS compatible inputs
Undervoltage and overvoltage shutdown
Overvoltage clamp
Thermal shutdown
Cross-conduction protection
Current and power limitation
Very low standby power consumption
PWM operation up to 20 KHz
Protection against loss of ground and loss of
VCC
Current sense output proportional to motor
current
Output protected against short to ground and
short to VCC
Package: ECOPACK®
Description
The VNH5050A-E is a full bridge motor driver
intended for a wide range of automotive
applications. The device incorporates a dual
monolithic high-side driver and two low-side
switches. All switches are designed using
STMicroelectronics® well known and proven
PowerSSO-36 TP
proprietary VIPower® M0 technology that allows
to efficiently integrate on the same die a true
Power MOSFET with an intelligent
signal/protection circuitry. The three dies are
assembled in a PowerSSO-36 TP package on
electrically isolated lead frames. This package,
specifically designed for the harsh automotive
environment offers improved thermal
performance thanks to exposed die pads.
Moreover, its fully symmetrical mechanical design
allows superior manufacturability at board level.
The input signals INA and INB can directly
interface to the microcontroller to select the motor
direction and the brake condition. The DIAGA/ENA
or DIAGB/ENB, when connected to an external
pull-up resistor, enables one leg of the bridge.
Each DIAGA/ENA provides a digital diagnostic
feedback signal as well. The normal operating
condition is explained in the truth table. The CS
pin allows monitoring the motor current by
delivering a current proportional to its value when
CS_DIS pin is driven low or left open. When
CS_DIS is driven high, CS pin is in high
impedance condition. The PWM, up to 20 KHz,
allows to control the speed of the motor in all
possible conditions. In all cases, a low level state
on the PWM pin turns off both the LSA and LSB
switches.
Table 1. Device summary
Package
Tube
Order codes
Tape and reel
PowerSSO-36 TP
VNH5050A-E
VNH5050ATR-E
December 2011
Doc ID 16009 Rev 10
1/33
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Contents
Contents
VNH5050A-E
1 Block diagram and pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2 Electrical specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.1 Absolute maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.2 Thermal data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.3 Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.4 Waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3 Application information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.1 Reverse battery protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
4 Package and PCB thermal data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
4.1 PowerSSO-36 thermal data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
4.1.1
Thermal calculation in clockwise and anti-clockwise operation in
steady-state mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
4.1.2
Thermal resistances definition (values according to the PCB heatsink
area) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
4.1.3 Thermal calculation in transient mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
5 Package and packing information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
5.1 ECOPACK® packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
5.2 PowerSSO-36 TP package information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
5.3 PowerSSO-36 TP packing information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
6 Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
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VNH5050A-E
List of tables
List of tables
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Table 4.
Table 5.
Table 6.
Table 7.
Table 8.
Table 9.
Table 10.
Table 11.
Table 12.
Table 13.
Table 14.
Table 15.
Table 16.
Table 17.
Table 18.
Table 19.
Table 20.
Table 21.
Device summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Block description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Suggested connections for unused and not connected pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Pin definitions and functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Pin functions description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Absolute maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Thermal data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Power section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Logic inputs (INA, INB, ENA, ENB, PWM, CS_DIS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Switching (VCC = 13 V, RLOAD = 1.5 Ω) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Protections and diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Current sense (9 V < VCC < 18 V). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Truth table in normal operating conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Truth table in fault conditions (detected on OUTA). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Electrical transient requirements (part 1/3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Electrical transient requirements (part 2/3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Electrical transient requirements (part 3/3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Thermal calculation in clockwise and anti-clockwise operation in steady-state mode . . . . 25
Thermal parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
PowerSSO-36 TP mechanical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Document revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Doc ID 16009 Rev 10
3/33



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List of figures
List of figures
VNH5050A-E
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
Figure 6.
Figure 7.
Figure 8.
Figure 9.
Figure 10.
Figure 11.
Figure 12.
Figure 13.
Figure 14.
Figure 15.
Figure 16.
Figure 17.
Figure 18.
Figure 19.
Figure 20.
Figure 21.
Figure 22.
Figure 23.
Figure 24.
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Configuration diagram (top view) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Current and voltage conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Definition of the delay times measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Definition of the low-side switching times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Definition of the high-side switching times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Definition of dynamic cross conduction current during a PWM operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Definition of delay response time of sense current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Waveforms in full-bridge operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Waveforms in full-bridge operation (continued) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Typical application circuit for DC to 20 kHz PWM operation short circuit protection . . . . . 21
Behavior in fault condition (how a fault can be cleared) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Half-bridge configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Multi-motors configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
PowerSSO-36™ PC board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Chipset configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Auto and mutual Rthj-amb vs PCB copper area in open box free air condition . . . . . . . . . . 25
Detailed chipset configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
PowerSSO-36 HSD thermal impedance junction ambient single pulse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
PowerSSO-36 LSD thermal impedance junction ambient single pulse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Thermal fitting model of an H-bridge in PowerSSO-36. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
PowerSSO-36 TP package dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
PowerSSO-36 TP tube shipment (no suffix) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
PowerSSO-36 TP tape and reel shipment (suffix “TR”) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
4/33 Doc ID 16009 Rev 10



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