MCP3428 Datasheet PDF - Microchip Technology


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MCP3428
Microchip Technology

Part Number MCP3428
Description Multi-Channel Analog-to-Digital Converter
Page 30 Pages

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MCP3426/7/8
16-Bit, Multi-Channel ΔΣ Analog-to-Digital Converter with
I2C™ Interface and On-Board Reference
Features
• 16-bit ΔΣ ADC with Differential Inputs:
- 2 channels: MCP3426 and MCP3427
- 4 channels: MCP3428
• Differential Input Full Scale Range: -VREF to
+VREF
• Self Calibration of Internal Offset and Gain per
Each Conversion
• On-Board Voltage Reference (VREF):
- Accuracy: 2.048V ± 0.05%
- Drift: 15 ppm/°C
• On-Board Programmable Gain Amplifier (PGA):
- Gains of 1,2, 4 or 8
• INL: 10 ppm of Full Scale Range
• Programmable Data Rate Options:
- 15 SPS (16 bits)
- 60 SPS (14 bits)
- 240 SPS (12 bits)
• One-Shot or Continuous Conversion Options
• Low Current Consumption (VDD= 3V):
- Continuous Conversion: 135 µA typical
- One-Shot Conversion with 1 SPS:
- 9 µA typical for 16 bit mode
- 2.25 µA typical for 14 bit mode
- 0.56 µA typical for 12 bit mode
• On-Board Oscillator
• I2CInterface:
- Standard, Fast and High Speed Modes
- User configurable two external address
selection pins for MCP3427 and MCP3428
• Single Supply Operation: 2.7V to 5.5V
• Extended Temperature Range: -40°C to +125°C
Typical Applications
• Portable Instrumentation and Consumer Goods
• Temperature Sensing with RTD, Thermistor, and
Thermocouple
• Bridge Sensing for Pressure, Strain, and Force
• Weigh Scales and Battery Fuel Gauges
• Factory Automation Equipment
Description
The MCP3426, MCP3427 and MCP3428 devices
(MCP3426/7/8) are the low noise and high accuracy
16 Bit Delta-Sigma Analog-to-Digital (ΔΣ A/D) Con-
verter family members of the MCP342X series from
Microchip Technology Inc. These devices can convert
analog inputs to digital codes with up to 16 bits of reso-
lution.
The MCP3426 and MCP3427 devices have two
differential input channels and the MCP3428 has four
differential input channels. All electrical properties of
these three devices are the same except the
differences in the number of input channels and I2C
address bit selection options.
These devices can output analog-to-digital conversion
results at rates of 15 (16-bit mode), 60 (14-bit mode), or
240 (12-bit mode) samples per second depending on
the user controllable configuration bit settings using the
two-wire I2C serial interface. During each conversion,
the device calibrates offset and gain errors
automatically. This provides accurate conversion
results from conversion to conversion over variations in
temperature and power supply fluctuation.
The device has an on-board 2.048V reference voltage,
which enables an input range of ± 2.048V differentially
(full scale range = 4.096/PGA).
The user can select the gain of the on-board
programmable gain amplifier (PGA) using the
configuration register bits (gain of x1, x2, x4, or x8).
This allows the MCP3426/7/8 devices to convert a very
weak input signal with high resolution.
The MCP3426/7/8 devices have two conversion
modes: (a) One-Shot Conversion mode and
(b) Continuous Conversion mode. In the One-Shot
conversion mode, the device performs a single
conversion and enters a low current standby
(shutdown) mode automatically until it receives another
conversion command. This reduces current
consumption greatly during idle periods. In continuous
conversion mode, the conversion takes place
continuously at the configured conversion speed. The
device updates its output buffer with the most recent
conversion data.
The devices operate from a single 2.7V to 5.5V power
supply and have a two-wire I2C compatible serial
interface for a standard (100 kHz), fast (400 kHz), or
high-speed (3.4 MHz) mode.
© 2009 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22226A-page 1



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MCP3426/7/8
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The I2C address bits for the MCP3427 and MCP3428
are selected by using two external I2C address
selection pins (Adr0 and Adr1). The user can configure
the device to one of eight available addresses by
connecting these two address selection pins to VDD,
VSS or float. The I2C address bits of the MCP3426 are
programmed at the factory during production.
The MCP3426 is available in 8-pin SOIC, DFN, and
MSOP packages. The MCP3427 is available in 10-pin
DFN, and MSOP packages. The MCP3428 is available
in 14-pin SOIC and TSSOP packages.
Package Types
MSOP, SOIC
CH1+ 1
CH1- 2
VDD 3
SDA 4
8 CH2-
7 CH2+
6 VSS
5 SCL
MCP3426
2x3 DFN *
CH1+ 1
8 CH2-
CH1- 2 EP 7 CH2+
VDD 3 9 6 VSS
SDA 4
5 SCL
MSOP
CH1+ 1
CH1- 2
VSS 3
CH2+ 4
CH2- 5
10 Adr1
9 Adr0
8 SCL
7 SDA
6 VDD
MCP3427
3x3 DFN *
CH1+ 1
CH1- 2
VSS 3
CH2+ 4
CH2- 5
10 Adr1
9 Adr0
EP
11 8 SCL
7 SDA
6 VDD
SOIC, TSSOP
CH1+ 1
CH1- 2
CH2+ 3
CH2- 4
VSS
VDD
SDA
5
6
7
14 CH4-
13 CH4+
12 CH3-
11 CH3+
10 Adr1
9 Adr0
8 SCL
* Includes Exposed Thermal Pad (EP); see Table 3-1.
MCP3426 Functional Block Diagram
VSS
VDD
CH1+
CH1-
CH2+
CH2-
MCP3426
PGA
Voltage Reference
(2.048V)
VREF
ΔΣ ADC
Converter
Gain = 1, 2, 4, or 8
Clock
Oscillator
I2C
Interface
SCL
SDA
DS22226A-page 2
© 2009 Microchip Technology Inc.



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MCP3427 Functional Block Diagram
MCP3426/7/8
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VSS
VDD
MCP3427
CH1+
CH1-
CH2+
PGA
Voltage Reference
(2.048V)
VREF
ΔΣ ADC
Converter
I2C
Interface
CH2-
Gain = 1, 2, 4, or 8
Clock
Oscillator
Adr1
Adr0
SCL
SDA
MCP3428 Functional Block Diagram
CH1+
CH1-
CH2+
CH2-
CH3+
CH3-
CH4+
CH4-
VSS
VDD
MCP3428
Voltage Reference
(2.048V)
VREF
PGA
ΔΣ ADC
Converter
I2C
Interface
Gain = 1, 2, 4, or 8
Clock
Oscillator
Adr1
Adr0
SCL
SDA
© 2009 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22226A-page 3



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MCP3426/7/8
NOTES:
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DS22226A-page 4
© 2009 Microchip Technology Inc.




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