MCP3422 Datasheet PDF - Microchip Technology


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MCP3422
Microchip Technology

Part Number MCP3422
Description Multi-Channel Analog-to-Digital Converter
Page 30 Pages

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MCP3422/3/4
18-Bit, Multi-Channel ΔΣ Analog-to-Digital Converter with
I2C™ Interface and On-Board Reference
Features
• 18-bit ΔΣ ADC with Differential Inputs:
- 2 channels: MCP3422 and MCP3423
- 4 channels: MCP3424
• Differential Input Full Scale Range: -VREF to
+VREF
• Self Calibration of Internal Offset and Gain per
Each Conversion
• On-Board Voltage Reference (VREF):
- Accuracy: 2.048V ± 0.05%
- Drift: 15 ppm/°C
• On-Board Programmable Gain Amplifier (PGA):
- Gains of 1, 2, 4 or 8
• INL: 10 ppm of Full Scale Range
• Programmable Data Rate Options:
- 3.75 SPS (18 bits)
- 15 SPS (16 bits)
- 60 SPS (14 bits)
- 240 SPS (12 bits)
• One-Shot or Continuous Conversion Options
• Low Current Consumption:
- 135 µA typical
(VDD= 3V, Continuous Conversion)
- 36 µA typical
(VDD= 3V, One-Shot Conversion with 1 SPS)
• On-Board Oscillator
• I2CInterface:
- Standard, Fast and High Speed Modes
- User configurable two external address pins
for MCP3423 and MCP3424
• Single Supply Operation: 2.7V to 5.5V
• Extended Temperature Range: -40°C to +125°C
Typical Applications
• Portable Instrumentation and Consumer Goods
• Temperature Sensing with RTD, Thermistor, and
Thermocouple
• Bridge Sensing for Pressure, Strain, and Force
• Weigh Scales
• Battery Fuel Gauges
• Factory Automation Equipment
Description
The MCP3422, MCP3423 and MCP3424 devices
(MCP3422/3/4) are the low noise and high accuracy
18-Bit delta-sigma analog-to-digital (ΔΣ A/D) converter
family members of the MCP342X series from Microchip
Technology Inc. These devices can convert analog
inputs to digital codes with up to 18 bits of resolution.
The on-board 2.048V reference voltage enables an
input range of ± 2.048V differentially (full scale
range = 4.096V/PGA).
These devices can output analog-to-digital conversion
results at rates of 3.75, 15, 60, or 240 samples per
second depending on the user controllable
configuration bit settings using the two-wire I2C serial
interface. During each conversion, the device
calibrates offset and gain errors automatically. This
provides accurate conversion results from conversion
to conversion over variations in temperature and power
supply fluctuation.
The user can select the PGA gain of x1, x2, x4, or x8
before the analog-to-digital conversion takes place.
This allows the MCP3422/3/4 devices to convert a very
weak input signal with high resolution.
The MCP3422/3/4 devices have two conversion
modes: (a) One-Shot Conversion mode and (b)
Continuous Conversion mode. In One-Shot conversion
mode, the device performs a single conversion and
enters a low current standby mode automatically until it
receives another conversion command. This reduces
current consumption greatly during idle periods. In
Continuous conversion mode, the conversion takes
place continuously at the set conversion speed. The
device updates its output buffer with the most recent
conversion data.
The devices operate from a single 2.7V to 5.5V power
supply and have a two-wire I2C compatible serial
interface for a standard (100 kHz), fast (400 kHz), or
high-speed (3.4 MHz) mode.
The I2C address bits for the MCP3423 and MCP3424
are selected by using two external I2C address
selection pins (Adr0 and Adr1). The user can configure
the device to one of eight available addresses by
connecting these two address selection pins to VDD,
VSS or float. The I2C address bits of the MCP3422 are
programmed at the factory during production.
© 2009 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22088C-page 1



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MCP3422/3/4
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The MCP3422 and MCP3423 devices have two
differential input channels and the MCP3424 has four-
differential input channels. All electrical properties of
these three devices are the same except the
differences in the number of input channels and I2C
address bit selection options.
Package Types
The MCP3422 is available in 8-pin SOIC, DFN, and
MSOP packages. The MCP3423 is available in 10-pin
DFN, and MSOP packages. The MCP3424 is available
in 14-pin SOIC and TSSOP packages.
MCP3422
MSOP, SOIC
CH1+ 1
CH1- 2
VDD 3
SDA 4
8 CH2-
7 CH2+
6 VSS
5 SCL
MCP3423
MSOP
CH1+ 1
CH1- 2
VSS 3
CH2+ 4
CH2- 5
10 Adr1
9 Adr0
8 SCL
7 SDA
6 VDD
MCP3422
2x3 DFN*
CH1+ 1
8 CH2-
CH1- 2 EP 7 CH2+
VDD 3 9 6 VSS
SDA 4
5 SCL
MCP3423
3x3 DFN*
CH1+ 1
CH1- 2
VSS 3
CH2+ 4
CH2- 5
10 Adr1
9 Adr0
EP
11 8 SCL
7 SDA
6 VDD
* Includes Exposed Thermal Pad (EP); see Table 3-1.
MCP3424
SOIC, TSSOP
CH1+ 1
CH1- 2
CH2+ 3
CH2- 4
VSS 5
VDD 6
SDA 7
14 CH4-
13 CH4+
12 CH3-
11 CH3+
10 Adr1
9 Adr0
8 SCL
Functional Block Diagram
VSS
VDD
MCP3422
CH1+
CH1-
CH2+
PGA
Voltage Reference
(2.048V)
VREF
ΔΣ ADC
Converter
I2C
Interface
CH2-
Gain = 1,2,4, or 8
Clock
Oscillator
SCL
SDA
DS22088C-page 2
© 2009 Microchip Technology Inc.



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Functional Block Diagram
MCP3422/3/4
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MCP3423
CH1+
CH1-
CH2+
VSS
VDD
PGA
Voltage Reference
(2.048V)
VREF
ΔΣ ADC
Converter
I2C
Interface
CH2-
Gain = 1,2,4, or 8
Clock
Oscillator
Adr1
Adr0
SCL
SDA
Functional Block Diagram
CH1+
CH1-
CH2+
CH2-
CH3+
CH3-
CH4+
CH4-
VSS
VDD
MCP3424
Voltage Reference
(2.048V)
VREF
PGA
ΔΣ ADC
Converter
I2C
Interface
Gain = 1,2,4, or 8
Clock
Oscillator
Adr1
Adr0
SCL
SDA
© 2009 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22088C-page 3



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MCP3422/3/4
NOTES:
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DS22088C-page 4
© 2009 Microchip Technology Inc.




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